Freeze Frames

Freeze frames (also known as still images and tableaux) are a fast and effective method to use with any age. Participants freeze their bodies to create a scene. It’s just like pressing pause on a video.

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Spotlighting is a useful teaching technique for sharing improvised drama when you have divided the class into smaller groups. When it is time to show their work, ask all the groups to sit on the floor. Explain that you will walk around the room and as you get closer...Read more


Narration is a technique whereby one or more performers speak directly to the audience to tell a story, give information or comment on the action of the scene or the motivations of characters. Characters may narrate, or a performer who is not involved in the action...Read more

Marking the Moment

Marking the Moment is a dramatic technique used to highlight a key moment in a scene or improvisation. This can be done in a number of different ways: for example through slow-motion, a freeze-frame, narration, thought-tracking or music. It has a similar effect to...Read more

Image Theatre

Image Theatre is the use of still images (freeze-frames) to explore abstract concepts such as relationships and emotions, as well as realistic situations. The technique was developed by Augusto Boal and is described fully in his book The Rainbow of Desire. ...Read more

Forum Theatre

Why use it? The strategy breaks through the barrier between performers and audience, putting them on an equal footing. It enables participants to try out courses of action which could be applicable to their everyday lives. Originally the technique was developed by...Read more

Flashbacks and Flash Forwards

What are Flashbacks and Flash Forwards? Expand on a freeze-frame to create the before and after. Performers in a scene are asked to improvise scenes which take place seconds, minutes, days or years before or after a dramatic moment. This enables the exploration of...Read more