Drama Strategies

Drama strategies – also known as drama techniques or drama conventions – are the everyday tools of the drama teacher. They help to develop enquiry skills, to encourage negotiation, understanding and creativity. They can enhance performance skills such as character development and storytelling and be used across the curriculum to actively involve students in their own learning.

Action Clip

Bring freeze frames to life in just a few moments.
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Conscience Alley

One person walks down an alleyway made by the group and listens to thoughts or advice.
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Cross-Cutting

Cross-cutting (also called split-screen) is a drama technique borrowed from the world of film editing, where two scenes are intercut
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Flashbacks and Flash Forwards

Performers in a scene are asked to improvise scenes which take place seconds, minutes, days or years before or after
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Forum Theatre

A technique pioneered by Brazilian radical Augusto Boal. A play or scene, usually indicating some kind of oppression, is shown
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Hot Seating

A character is questioned by the group about his or her background, behaviour and motivation.
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Image Theatre

In Image Theatre, still images are used to explore abstract concepts such as relationships and emotions, as well as realistic situations. 
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Mantle of the Expert

Mantle of the Expert involves the creation of a fictional world where students assume the roles of experts in a
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Marking the Moment

Marking the Moment is a dramatic technique used to highlight a key moment in a scene or improvisation. This can
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Narration

Narration is a technique whereby one or more performers speak directly to the audience to tell a story, give information
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Open and Close

This is a simple and effective way for using still images to tell a story. It also mimics the technique
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Role on the Wall

The outline of a body is drawn on a large sheet of paper, which is later stuck onto the wall. 
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Role Play

Role play is the ability to suspend disbelief by stepping into another character’s shoes.
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Soundscape

The leader or one member of the group acts as conductor, whilst the rest of the group are the 'orchestra'.
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Spotlight

Spotlighting is a useful teaching technique for sharing improvised drama when you have divided the class into smaller groups. When
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Still Images and Freeze Frames

The use of body-shapes and postures to represent characters or objects.
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Storytelling

Storytelling is one of the simplest and perhaps most compelling forms of dramatic and imaginative activity. A good place to
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Tableaux

In a tableau, participants make still images with their bodies to represent a scene.
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Teacher in Role

Teacher in role (TiR) is an invaluable technique for shaping the dramatic process and developing students’ learning. Simply put, the
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Thought Tracking

A way to speak aloud the thoughts or feelings of a character in a freeze-frame.
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Whoosh! Bringing Stories Alive through Drama

An interactive technique in which participants become characters and objects in a story as it is told.
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